Food Additive Code Numbers

Food Additive Code Numbers

 

Additive Code Table Index – Click here

 
I have written about Food Additives and Preservatives with the hope you perceive it with an open mind. Food preservatives/additives can be seen as a positive and negative. Both Millennium Education & Absolute Empowerment and Jean Sheehan do not endorse Food Additives/preservatives. The intention of this article is to educate you, the reader, so as you make an informed choice and decision about your well being. Life is what we perceive – not what we are told. I hope that you utilise the food additive tables for your health and knowledge. The more educated we are the more we learn about ourselves, the future and the new generation of children. I do request that you pass this information on to anyone you know that may require and enjoy this information. Please enjoy the information and the table of additives and numbers used in our food. Thank you.

Originally food additives were created to allow people to access a wide variety of foods throughout the year, overseas and to be able to travel.
Utilise the food tables for more information.

How do I know what additives are in food?

If you want to know more about a particular food additive look at the ingredient list on the food label where you will find the additives name and number. The name of an approved food additive must be spelt out in full on a food label if it doesn’t have an appropriate class name or if an additive number hasn’t been allocated to it. You can use this information to gain a better understanding of what is in the food you eat and why different food additives are used. This is an example of an ingredient list, which might appear on a packaged stir-fry meal: Ingredients – pork, wheat flour, capsicum, pineapple, green beans, sweet corn, sugar, tomato paste, pineapple concentrate, thickener (1422), food acids (270, 260), soy sauce, salt, natural flavours, vegetable gum (415), water added.

What do additives do?


(This information has been obtained from Food Standards Australia New Zealand (FSANZ))

 

• colourings add or restore colour to foods;
• colour retention agents retain or intensify the colour of a food;
• preservatives help protect against deterioration caused by micro-organisms;
• artificial sweetening substances are substances which impart a sweet taste for fewer kilojoules/calories than sugar;
• flavour enhancers improve the flavour and/or aroma of food;
• flavourings restore taste lost due to processing, maintain uniformity and make food more palatable;
• anti-caking agents keep powdered products such as salt, flowing freely when poured;
• emulsifiers help to prevent oil and water mixtures separating into layers;
• food acids help maintain a constant level of sourness in food;
• humectants prevent foods such as dried fruits from drying out;
• mineral salts improve the texture of foods, such as processed meats;
• thickeners and vegetable gums improve texture and maintain uniform consistency;
• stabilisers maintain the uniform dispersion of substances in a food;
• flour treatment agents are substances added to flour to improve baking quality or appearance;
• glazing agents impart a shiny appearance or provide a protective coating to a food;
• propellants are gases which help propel food from a container.

Who controls the use of food additives?

The use of food additives in foods is regulated by the Food Standards Code and enforced in Australia under State and Territory food laws. Food Standards Australia New Zealand (FSANZ) is responsible for the development of, or variation to, food standards in the Food Standards Code. For more information, refer to:
www.foodstandards.gov.au
Ultimately it is up to you what you eat. Your body will inform you if you are intolerant/allergic to the additive. Fresh is best. When you eat alive food, you become alive. When you eat dead food, you possibly become dead. Try for your self.


Table Index:

 

 Chemical Names
 
  Colour.  100-181

  Preservative, colour fixative, acidity regulator. 200-297
  Antioxidant, anti-caking agent, acidity regulator, humectant, bulking agent, stabiliser. 300-385
  Emulsifier, thickener, stabiliser, gelling agents. 400 – 492
  Emulsifier, anti-caking agent, foaming agent, firming agent, gelling agent, bulking agent . 500-586
  Flavour enhancer . 620-641
  Sweetener, humectant, thickener, stabiliser . 900a-968
  Enzyme, thickener, stabiliser, humectant. 1001-1521

  Synthetic Food Additives Colours.

  Food Additives Permitted in Milk Products
  1.1.2  Liquid milk products and flavoured liquid milk
  1.1.3  Liquid milk to which phytosterol esters have been added
  1.1.4  Liquid milk to which tall oil phytosterols have been added
  1.2.2  Fermented milk products and rennetted milk products
  1.4.2  Cream products (flavoured, whipped, thickened, sour cream )
  1.5.0  Dried milk, milk powder, cream powder
  Whipped thickened light cream

  Colourings Permitted in Medicines for Oral Use


Additive Code Table

Chemical Names
Code
   

Colour.  100 – 181
 
Curcumin or Turmeric (colour)
Orange-yellow colour; derived from the root of the curcuma plant, but can be artificially produced; used in cheese, margarine, baked sweets and fish fingers
100
Riboflavin or Riboflavin 5′-phosphate sodium (colour)
‘Vitamin B2’ and colour; occurs naturally in green vegetables, eggs, milk, liver and kidney; used in margarine and cheese.
101
Tartrazine (colour)
Used to colour, sweets, jams, cereals, snack foods, canned fish, packaged soups, confectionery, fruit juice cordials, soft drinks, canned fruit, canned peas, brown sauces, pickles and flavoured pie fillings.
102
Alkanet or Alkannin (colour)
Natural ‘port-wine’ colour from A. tinctoria plant.
103
Quinoline yellow (colour)
104
Sunset yellow FCF (colour)
Used in cereals, bakery, sweets, snack foods, ice cream, drinks and canned fish Fruit juice cordials, packet rifle mix, hot chocolate mix, packet soup and confectionery.
110
Carmines or Carminic acid or Cochineal (colour)
120
Azorubine or Carmoisine (colour)
Confectionery, marzipan, jelly crystals, pre-packaged sponge fillings, pre-packages Swiss roll, marzipan, brown sauce.
122
Amaranth (colour)
Used in cake mixes, fruit-flavoured fillings, jelly crystals
123
Ponceau 4R (colour)
Desert toppings, canned strawberries, packet cheesecake, cake mix, trifle mix, jelly crystals.
124
Erythrosine (colour)
Glace cherries, scotch eggs, biscuits, custard mix, canned cherries, rhubarb, strawberries, canned fruit, sweets, bakery, snack foods.
127
Allura red AC (colour)
Orange Red colour used in sweets, drinks, condiments, medications, cosmetics.
129
Indigotine (colour)
Commonly added to tablets and capsules, Biscuits,ice cream, confectionery, baked goods.
132
Brilliant blue FCF (colour)
Soft drink, dairy products, canned peas, gelatine, cereal, toothpaste cosmetics, deoderant.
133
Chlorophyll (colour)
Green colour occurs naturally in all plants; used for dyeing waxes and oils, used in medicines and cosmetics.
140
Chlorophyll-copper complex (colour)
Olive colour, extracted from plants
141
Green S (colour)
Used in canned peas, mint jelly and sauce.
142
Fast green FCF (colour)
143
Caramel I (colour)
Used in oyster, soy, fruit and canned sauces, beer, whiskey
150a
Caramel II (colour)
150b
Caramel III (colour)
150c
Caramel IV (colour)
150d
Brilliant black BN or Brilliant black PN (colour)
Used in brown sauces, blackcurrant cake mixes
151
Carbon black or vegetable carbon (colour)
Used in jams, jelly crystals, liquorice
153
Brown HT (colour) Chocolate cake mixes
155
Carotene (colour)
Natural orange/yellow colour; found in carrots and other yellow or orange fruits and vegetables.
160a
Annatto extracts (colour)
Red colour; derived from a tree (Bixa orellana) used to dye cheese, butter, margarine, cereals, snack foods also used in soaps, textiles and varnishes.
160b
Paprika oleoresins (colour)
Derived from fruit pods of the red pepper.
160c
Lycopene (colour)
160d
b-apo-8′ Carotenal (colour)
160e
b-apo-8′ Carotenoic acid or methyl ethyl ester (colour)
160f
Flavoxanthin (colour)
161a
Lutein (colour)
161b
Kryptoxanthin (colour)
161c
Rubixanthin (colour)
161d
Violoxanthin (colour)
161e
Rhodoxanthin (colour)
161f
Beet red (colour) Purple colour derived from beets.
162
Anthocyanins or Grape skin extract or Blackcurrant extract (colour)
163
Saffron or Crocetin or Crocin (colour)
164
Calcium carbonate (colour, anti-caking agent)
Mineral salt. Also used in toothpastes, white paint and cleaning powders; may be derived from rock mineral or animal bones; sometimes used to de-acidify wines and firm canned fruit and vegetables.
170
Titanium dioxide (colour)
White colour also used in toothpaste and white paint
171
Iron oxide (colour)
Black, yellow, red colour used in salmon and shrimp pastes
172
Aluminium (colour)
173
Silver (colour)
174
Gold (colour)
175
Tannic acid or tannins (colour, emulsifier, stabiliser, thickener)
Occurs naturally in tea.
181
 
Preservative, colour fixative, acidity regulator. 200 – 297

Sorbic acid (preservative)
Almost every food product.Sausages,yoghurt , confectionery , lemonade, cheese, rye bread, cakes , pizza, shellfish, lemon juice, wine, cider and soups.
200
Sodium sorbate (preservative)
Either obtained from berries or synthesised from ketene. Found in a large range of foods and drinks, yeast goods, cheeses and wine making
201
Potassium sorbate (preservative)
202
Calcium sorbate (preservative)
203
Benzoic acid (preservative)
Added to alcoholic beverages, baked goods, cheeses, gum, condiments, frozen dairy, cordial, chilli paste, brewed soft drinks, fruit juice, non-dairy dips, non-canned tomato juice, relishes, soft sweets, cordials and sugar substitutes. Used in cosmetics, as an antiseptic in many cough medications and an antifungal in ointments.
210
Sodium benzoate (preservative)
As above. Pepsi Max, Fanta, Sprite, Sunkist, and Coke Zero and other drinks, also in milk and meat products, relishes and condiments, baked goods and lollies, tooth pastes, mouth washes, maple syrup and margarine.
211
Potassium benzoate (preservative)
Also known as flowers of benzoin, phenlycarboxylic acid, carboxybenzene. Obtained from Benzoin, a resin exuded by trees native to Asia. Added to alcoholic beverages, baked goods, cheeses, gum, condiments, frozen dairy, relishes, soft sweets, cordials and sugar substitutes. Used in cosmetics, as an antiseptic in many cough medications and an antifungal in ointments.
212
Calcium benzoate (preservative)
Fruit juice cordials, cordials, soft drinks, fish marinades.
213
Propylparaben or Propyl-p-hydroxy-benzoate (preservative)
216
Methylparaben or Methyl-p-hydroxy-benzoate (preservative)
218
Sulphur dioxide (preservative)
Fruit juices, cider, low-kilojoule jam, mixed dried fruit, dehydrated peas, cordials, syrups, flavoured toppings, pickles beer, soft drinks, wine, vinegar, potato products.
220
Sodium sulphite (preservative)
As above — uncooked prawns shrimps, bread enhancer.
221
Sodium bisulphite (preservative)  As above
222
Sodium metabisulphite (preservative)
Bread flour products, frozen vegetables shellfish, dried fruits, pickles, fruit juice.
223
Potassium metabisulphite (preservative)
Typical products are beer, soft drinks, dried fruit, juices, cordials, wine, vinegar, potato products.
224
Potassium sulphite (preservative)  Derived from coal tar
225
Potassium bisulphite (preservative)
228
Nisin (preservative)
Antibiotic derived from bacteria; found in beer, processed cheese products, tomato paste.
234
Natamycin or Pimaricin (preservative)
Mould inhibitor derived from bacteria. Used in meat, cheese.
235
Dimethyl dicarbonate (preservative)
Yeast inhibitor. Used in fruit drinks, sports drinks and wine.
242
Potassium nitrite (preservative, colour fixative)
Corned, cured, pickled, manufactured pressed salt meats.
249
Sodium nitrite (preservative, colour fixative)
Canned, manufactured, cured pressed meat.
250
Sodium nitrate (preservative, colour fixative)
Slow-dried meat, prosciutto ham manufactured meat.
251
Potassium nitrate (preservative, colour fixative)
May be derived from waste animal or vegetable matter; used in gunpowder, explosives and fertilisers, and in the preservation of meat
252
Acetic acid, glacial (acidity regulator)
Main component of vinegar, synthetically produced from wood fibres; used in pickles, chutneys, and sauces.
260
Potassium acetate or Potassium diacetate (acidity regulator)
261
Sodium acetates (acidity regulator)
(ii) Sodium hydrogen acetate (sodium diacetate) – A vinegar used as a mould inhibitor in snack foods and bread, as a flavour enhancer in breads, cakes, cheese and snack food.
262
Calcium acetate (acidity regulator)
263
Ammonium acetate (acidity regulator)
264
Lactic acid (acidity regulator)
Occurs naturally in sour milk, apples, tomatoes and molasses. used in sweets, dressings, soft drinks , infant formulas and confectionery.
270
Propionic acid (preservative)
Propionates occur naturally in fermented foods, human perspiration and ruminants digestive tract, also can be derived commercially from ethylene and carbon monoxide or propionaldehyde , natural gas , fermented wood pulp or produced when bacteria decompose fibre. Commonly used in bread cheese and flour products.
280
Sodium propionate (preservative)  Bread flour products.
281
Calcium propionate (preservative)  Bread flour products.
282
Potassium propionate (preservative)  Bread flour products.
283
Carbon dioxide (propellant)  Wine, soft drinks,
290
Malic acid (acidity regulator)
Potato snacks, confectionery, spaghetti sauce, frozen vegetables, tinned tomatoes.
296
Fumaric acid (acidity regulator)  Soft drinks and cake mixes.
297
 
Antioxidant, anti-caking agent, acidity regulator, humectant, bulking agent, stabiliser. 300 – 385

Ascorbic acid (antioxidant)
Vitamin C. Occurs naturally in fruit and vegetables; added to products as diverse as cured meat, breakfast cereals, frozen fish and wine.
300
Sodium ascorbate (antioxidant)  Sodium salt of vitamin C.
301
Calcium ascorbate (antioxidant)
302
Potassium ascorbate (antioxidant) Potassium salt of vitamin C.
303
Ascorbyl palmitate (antioxidant)
304
Tocopherols concentrate, mixed (antioxidant)  ‘Vitamin E’
Found in vegetable oils, including soy, wheat germ, rice germ, cottonseed, maize. Used in margarine and salad dressings.
306
a-Tocopherol (antioxidant)
307
g-Tocopherol (antioxidant)
308
d-Tocopherol (antioxidant)
309
Propyl gallate (antioxidant)
Used to prevent rancidity in oily substances such as edible fats, spreads, lard, dripping, margarine.
310
Octyl gallate (antioxidant)
311
Dodecyl gallate (antioxidant)
312
Erythorbic acid (antioxidant)
315
Sodium erythorbate (antioxidant)
316
tert-Butylhydroquinone (antioxidant)
Used in dairy blend edible fats and oils, margarine, dripping, salad dressing also used in lipsticks.
319
Butylated hydroxyanisole (antioxidant)  Petroleum derivative.
Instant mashed potato, edible oil, reduced fat spread, chewing gum, baby oil also used in lipstick, eye liner.
320
Butylated hydroxytoluene (antioxidant)  Retards rancidity in fats, oils, and oil-containing foods. Cereals, chewing gum, potato chips, vegetable oils also used in lipstick, eye liner.
321
Lecithin (antioxidant, emulsifier)
Derived from soy beans, eggs, peanuts, corn. Used to allow combination of oils in margarine, chocolate, mayonnaise, milk powder, potato chips, puddings, breakfast cereals.
322
Sodium lactate (acidity regulator, humectant, bulking agent)
Occurs in sour milk, apples, tomatoes and molasses. Found in biscuits, cheese, confectionery and a wide range of foods.
325
Potassium lactate (acidity regulator, humectant)
326
Calcium lactate (acidity regulator)
327
Ammonium lactate (acidity regulator)
328
Magnesium lactate (acidity regulator)
329
Citric acid (acidity regulator, antioxidant)
Naturally derived from citrus fruit. Used in biscuits, canned fish, cheese and processed cheese, infant formulas, cake and soup mixes, rye bread, soft drinks, fermented meat products.
330
Sodium citrates (acidity regulator, emulsifier, stabiliser)
Cheese, cream, includes a wide range of foods.
331
Potassium citrates (acidity regulator, stabiliser)
Found in artificially sweetened jelly and confectionery and in a wide range of foods.
332
Calcium citrates (acidity regulator, stabiliser)
In tinned vegetables and wide range of foods.
333
Tartaric acid (acidity regulator, antioxidant)
Obtained from unripe fruit, grape juice. Found in chewing gum and various types of foods and drinks
334
Sodium tartrates (acidity regulator)
335
Potassium tartrate or Potassium acid tartrate (acidity regulator, stabiliser)
336
Potassium sodium tartrate (acidity regulator, stabiliser)
337
Phosphoric acid (acidity regulator)
Soft drinks, beer, cheese products, snacks, and most processed foods.
338
Sodium phosphates (acidity regulator, emulsifier, stabiliser)
339
Potassium phosphates (acidity regulator, emulsifier, stabiliser)Baked goods, cheese, powdered foods, cured meats, soda pop, breakfast cereals, dehydrated potatoes
340
Calcium phosphates (acidity regulator, emulsifier, stabiliser, anti-caking agent)
341
Ammonium phosphates (acidity regulator)
342
Magnesium phosphates (acidity regulator, anti-caking agent)
Found in salt substitutes, sweetened coconut and mustard.
343
Ammonium malate (acidity regulator)
349
Sodium malates (acidity regulator, humectant)
Found in potato snacks, confectionery, spaghetti sauce, frozen vegetables, tinned tomatoes.
350
Potassium malates (acidity regulator)
351
Calcium malates (acidity regulator)
352
Metatartaric acid (acidity regulator)
353
Calcium tartrate (acidity regulator)
354
Adipic acid (acidity regulator)
355
Potassium adipate (acidity regulator)
357
Ammonium adipates (acidity regulator)
359
Succinic acid (acidity regulator)
363
Sodium fumarate (acidity regulator)
365
Potassium fumarate (acidity regulator)
366
Calcium fumarate (acidity regulator)
367
Ammonium fumarate (acidity regulator)
368
Ammonium citrate or triammonium citrate (acidity regulator)
380
Ferric ammonium citrate (acidity regulator, anti-caking agent)
381
Calcium disodium ethylenediaminetetraacetate or calcium disodium EDTA (preservative, antioxidant)
Canned soft drink, tinned white potatoes, salad dressings, egg products, oleomargarine, potato salad, lima beans, mushrooms, pecan pie filling, sandwich spreads
385
 
Emulsifier, thickener, stabiliser, gelling agents. 400 – 492

Alginic acid (thickener, stabiliser)
400
Sodium alginate (thickener, stabiliser, gelling agent)
Vegetable gum, derived from seaweed; artificial sweetener base, used in custard mix, cordial, flavoured milk, ice blocks, pastry, jelly, ice cream, cheese, confectionery, canned icing, beer thickened cream and yoghurt.
401
Potassium alginate (thickener, stabiliser)
402
Ammonium alginate (thickener, stabiliser)
403
Calcium alginate (thickener, stabiliser, gelling agent)
404
Propylene glycol alginate (thickener, emulsifier)
Derived from petroleum. Artificial sweetener base, also used in germicides, paint remover and antifreeze.
405
Agar (thickener, gelling agent, stabiliser)
Manufactured meats and ice cream.
406
Carrageenan (thickener, gelling agent, stabiliser)
Derived from seaweed: Ice cream, jelly, chocolate milk.
407
Processed eucheuma seaweed (thickener, gelling agent, stabiliser)
407a
Arabinogalactan or Larch gum (thickener, gelling agent, stabiliser)
409
Locust bean gum or Carob bean gum (thickener, stabiliser)
410
Guar gum (thickener, stabiliser)
Gums are derived from natural sources bushes, trees, seaweed: Used in beverages, ice cream, frozen pudding, salad dressing, dough, cottage cheese, candy, drink mixes
412
Tragacanth gum (thickener, stabiliser)
413
Acacia or gum Arabic (thickener, stabiliser)
414
Xanthan gum (thickener, stabiliser)
415
Karaya gum (thickener, stabiliser)
416
Gellan gum (thickener, stabiliser, gelling agent)
418
Sorbitol or sorbitol syrup (sweetener, humectant, emulsifier)
420
Mannitol (sweetener, humectant)
421
Glycerin or glycerol (humectant)
Crystallised and dried fruit, liqueurs, marshmallows, soft drinks, desserts, confectionery also used in tooth paste
422
Polyethylene (40) stearate (emulsifier)
431
Polysorbate 80 or Polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan moonoleate (emulsifier) Baked goods, frozen desserts, imitation dairy products keeps baked goods from getting stale.
433
Polysorbate 60 or Polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monostearate (emulsifier)
435
Polysorbate 65 or Polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan tristearate (emulsifier)
436
Pectins (thickener, stabiliser, gelling agent)
Naturally occurring in the skins of apples; used to thicken jams, jellies and sauces
440
Ammonium salts of phosphatidic acid (emulsifier)
442
Sucrose acetate isobutyrate (emulsifier, stabiliser)
444
Glycerol esters of wood rosins (emulsifier, stabiliser) prepared from wood rosin that is harvested from the stumps of the longleaf pine (Pinus palustris)
Water-based flavoured drinks, including “sport,” “energy,” or “electrolyte” drinks and particulated drinks 150 mg/kg
Surface-treated fresh vegetables (including mushrooms and fungi, roots and tubers, pulses and legumes, and aloe vera ), fruits,seaweeds and nuts and seeds. 110 mg/kg
also used in eyeliner pencils
445
Potassium pyrophosphate or Sodium acid pyrophosphate or Sodium pyrophosphate (emulsifiers, acidity regulators, stabilisers)
450
Potassium tripolyphosphate or Sodium tripolyphosphate (acidity regulator)
451
Potassium polymetaphosphate or Sodium metaphosphate, insoluble or Sodium polyphosphates, glassy (emulsifier, stabiliser)
452
Cellulose microcrystalline and powdered (anti-caking agent)
460
Methyl cellulose (thickener, stabiliser, emulsifier)
461
Hydroxypropyl cellulose (thickener, stabiliser, emulsifier)
463
Hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (thickener, stabiliser, emulsifier)
464
Methyl ethyl cellulose (thickener, stabiliser, emulsifier, foaming agent)
465
Sodium carboxymethylcellulose (thickener, stabiliser)
It prevents sugar from crystallizing. Ice cream, beer, pie fillings, icings, diet foods, candy.
466
Aluminium, calcium, sodium, magnesium, potassium and ammonium salts of fatty acids (emulsifier, stabiliser, anti-caking agent)
470
Mono- and di-glycerides of fatty acids (emulsifier, stabiliser)
471
Acetic and fatty acid esters of glycerol (emulsifier, stabiliser)
472a
Lactic and fatty acid esters of glycerol (emulsifier, stabiliser)
472b
Citric and fatty acid esters of glycerol (emulsifier, stabiliser)
472c
Diacetyltartaric and fatty acid esters of glycerol (emulsifier)
472e
Mixed tartaric, acetic and fatty acid esters of glycerol (emulsifier, stabiliser)
472f
Sucrose esters of fatty acids (emulsifier)
473
Polyglycerol esters of fatty acids (emulsifier)
475
Polyglycerol esters of interesterified ricinoleic acid (emulsifier)
476
Propylene glycol mono- and di-esters or Propylene glycol esters of fatty acids (emulsifier)
477
Dioctyl sodium sulphosuccinate (emulsifier)
480
Sodium lactylate or sodium oleyl lactylate or sodium stearoyl lactylate (emulsifier, stabiliser)
481
Calcium lactylate or Calcium oleyl lactylate or Calcium stearoyl lactylate (emulsifier, stabiliser)
482
Sorbitan monostearate (emulsifier)
491
Sorbitan tristearate (emulsifier)
492
 
Emulsifier, anti-caking agent, foaming agent, firming agent, gelling agent, bulking agent . 500 – 586
Sodium carbonate or Sodium bicarbonate (acidity regulator, raising agent, anti-caking agent)
500
Potassium carbonates (acidity regulator, stabiliser)
501
Ammonium bicarbonate or Ammonium hydrogen carbonate (acidity regulator, raising agent)
503
Magnesium carbonate (acidity regulator, anti-caking agent)
504
Hydrochloric acid (acidity regulator)
507
Potassium chloride (gelling agent)
508
Calcium chloride (firming agent)
509
Ammonium chloride (bulking agent)
510
Magnesium chloride (firming agent)
511
Stannous chloride (antioxidant)
512
Sodium sulphate (acidity regulator)
514
Potassium sulphate (acidity regulator)
515
Calcium sulphate (firming agent) Derived from limestone
Bread rolls, flour, tinned tomatoes, soy tofu, dried egg, cheese products, also used in tooth paste, mortar, cement.
516
Magnesium sulphate (firming agent)
518
Cupric sulphate (mineral salt)
519
Calcium hydroxide (acidity regulator, firming agent)
526
Calcium oxide (acidity regulator)
529
Magnesium oxide (anti-caking agent)
530
Sodium ferrocyanide (anti-caking agent)
535
Potassium ferrocyanide (anti-caking agent)
536
Sodium aluminium phosphate (acidity regulator, emulsifier)
541
Bone phosphate (anti-caking agent, emulsifier)
Powdered milk and also as filler in tablets.
542
Silicon dioxide, amorphous (anti-caking agent) Sand/Quartz
Used in beer, confectionery, sausages, milk powder
551
Calcium silicate (anti-caking agent)
552
Magnesium silicate or Talc (anti-caking agent)
553
Sodium aluminosilicate (anti-caking agent)
554
Potassium aluminium silicate
555
Calcium aluminium silicate (anti-caking agent)
556
Bentonite (anti-caking agent)
558
Aluminium silicate (Anticaking agent)
Cheese, powdered milk, ready-to-eat, instant, and regular hot breakfast cereal products. Also used in cosmetics.( Kaolin )
559
Potassium silicate (anti-caking agent)
560
Stearic acid or fatty acid (glazing agent, foaming agent)
570
Glucono d -lactone or Glucono delta-lactone (acidity regulator, raising agent)
575
Potassium gluconate (sequestrant)
577
Calcium gluconate (acidity regulator, firming agent)
578
Ferrous gluconate (colour retention agent)
579
Magnesium gluconate (acidity regulatory, firming agent)
580
4-Hexylresorcinol (antioxidant)
586
 
Flavour enhancer . 620 – 641

L-Glutamic acid (flavour enhancer)
620
Monosodium L-glutamate or MSG (flavour enhancer)
621
Monopotassium L-glutamate (flavour enhancer)
622
Calcium glutamate (flavour enhancer)
623
Monoammonium L-glutamate (flavour enhancer)
624
Magnesium glutamate (flavour enhancer)
625
Disodium 5. -guanylate (flavour enhancer) from sardines.
Instant noodles, potato chips and snacks, savoury rice, tinned vegetables, cured meats, packet soup.
627
Disodium 5. -inosinate (flavour enhancer)
631
Disodium 5′-ribonucleotides (flavour enhancer)
635
Maltol (flavour enhancer)
Derived from the bark of larch trees, pine needles, chicory wood. Used in baked goods to give a ‘fresh baked’ taste and smell in bread and cakes, jam, ice cream, soft drinks.
636
Ethyl maltol (flavour enhancer)
637
Glycine (flavour enhancer)
640
L-Leucine (flavour enhancer)
641
 
Sweetener, humectant, thickener, stabiliser . 900a – 968

Polydimethylsiloxane (anti-caking agent, emulsifier)
Confectionery, cordials, syrups and toppings, soft drinks, instant coffee, vinegar, chewing gum, chocolates.
900a
Beeswax, white and yellow (glazing agent)
901
Carnauba wax (glazing agent)
Chocolates, cocoa products, chewing gum, confectionery, flavour carrier in drinks, savoury snacks, toppings and to wax fruit also used in cosmetics and inks.
903
Shellac (glazing agent) Derived from the lac insect of India; Used as glazing agent, chocolate, confectionery, orange fizzy drinks, orange skin and staining wood .
904
Petrolatum or petroleum jelly (glazing agent)
905b
Oxidised polyethylene (humectant)
914
L-Cysteine monohydrochloride (raising agent)
Most often derived from chicken feathers or duck feathers, human hair has also been used in China. Used in baking to create stretchier doughs, especially for burger buns and French sticks. Source: The shocking truth about bread. The Independent.co.uk
920
Nitrogen (propellant)
941
Nitrous oxide (propellant  –  Laughing Gas)  used in Spray on artificial cream
942
Butane (propellant)
943a
Isobutane (propellant)
943b
Propane (propellant)
944
Octafluorocyclobutane (propellant)
946
Acesulphame potassium (sweetener)
950
Aspartame (sweetener)
951
Calcium cyclamate or sodium cyclamate or cyclamate (sweetener)
952
Isomalt (humectant, sweetener, bulking agent, anti-caking agent)
953
Saccharin or calcium saccharin or sodium saccharine or potassium saccharine (sweetener)
954
Sucralose (sweetener)
955
Alitame (sweetener)
956
Thaumatin (flavour enhancer, sweetener)
957
Neotame (sweetener)
961
Maltitol and maltitol syrup or hydrogenated glucose syrup (sweetener, stabiliser, emulsifier, humectant)
965
Lactitol (sweetener, humectant)
966
Xylitol (sweetener, humectant, stabiliser)
967
Erythritol (humectant, sweetener)
968
 
Enzyme, thickener, stabiliser, humectant. 1001 – 1521

Choline salts (emulsifier)
1001
a-amylase (enzyme)
1100
Proteases (papain, bromelain, ficin) (stabiliser, enzyme)
1101
Glucose oxidase (antioxidant)
1102
Lipases (enzyme)
1104
Lysozyme (enzyme, preservative)
1105
Polydextrose (humectant, bulking agent, stabiliser, thickener)
1200
Polyvinylpyrrolidone (stabiliser)
1201
Dextrin roasted starch (thickener, stabiliser)
1400
Acid treated starch (thickener, stabiliser)
1401
Alkaline treated starch (thickener, stabiliser)
1402
Bleached starch (thickener, stabiliser)
1403
Oxidised starch (thickener, stabiliser)
1404
Enzyme treated starches (thickener, stabiliser)
1405
Monostarch phosphate (thickener, stabiliser)
1410
Distarch phosphate (thickener, stabiliser)
1412
Phosphated distarch phosphate (thickener, stabiliser)
1413
Acetylated distarch phosphate (thickener, stabiliser)
1414
Starch acetate esterified with acetic anhydride (thickener, stabiliser)
1420
Acetylated distarch adipate (thickener, stabiliser)
1422
Hydroxypropyl starch (thickener, stabiliser)
1440
Hydroxypropyl distarch phosphate (thickener, stabiliser)
1442
Starch sodium octenylsuccinate (thickener, stabiliser)
1450
Triethyl citrate (antifoaming agent)
1505
Triacetin (humectant)
1518
Propylene glycol (humectant)
1520
Polyethylene glycol 8000 (antifoaming agent)
 
Updated up to the 31st Session of the Codex Alimentarius Commission (2008)

 

 


Synthetic Food Additives Colours.

 
INS*
Food Additive
MPL
 
Schedule 1
 
123
Amaranth Various, from 30 mg/kg in certain beverages to 300 mg/kg in confectionery
160b
Annatto Various, from 10 mg/kg in liquid milk products and flavoured milk to 100 mg/kg in processed cereal meal products
127
Erythrosine 200 mg/kg in glace cherries
 
Schedule 3
 
120
Cochineal and Carmines
Good Manufacturing Practice
 
Schedule 4
70 mg/L in beverages
290mg/kg in other foods
129
Allura Red AC
 
122
Azorubine/Carmoisine
 
151
Brilliant Black BN
 
133
Brilliant Blue FCF
 
155
Brown HT  
143
Fast green FCF  
142
Green S
 
132
Indigotine
 
124
Ponceau 4R
 
104
Quinoline yellow
 
110
Sunset yellow FCF
 
102
Tartrazine
 
 
 

 

 


Food Additives Permitted in Milk Products



1.1.2  Liquid milk products and flavoured liquid milk

 
Code
Additive
mg/kg
160b
Annatto extracts
10
950
Acesulphame potassium
500
160b
Alitame
40
950
Aspartame-acesulphame salt
1100

 

 


1.1.3  Liquid milk to which phytosterol esters have been added

 

 
Code
Additive
mg/kg
401
Sodium alginate
2
407
Carrageenan
2
412
Guar gum
2
471
Mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids



1.1.4  Liquid milk to which tall oil phytosterols have been added

 

 
Code
Additive
mg/kg
460
Microcrystalline cellulose
5

 

 


1.2.2  Fermented milk products and rennetted milk products

 

 
Code
Additive
mg/kg
160b
Annatto extracts
60
950
Acesulphame potassium
500
956
Alitame
60
962
Aspartame-acesulphame salt
1100



1.4.2  Cream products (flavoured, whipped, thickened, sour cream )

 

 
Code
Additive
mg/kg
234
Nisin
10



Whipped thickened light cream

 

 
Code
Additive
mg/kg
475
Polyglycerol esters of fatty acids
5000



1.5  Dried milk, milk powder, cream powder

 

 
Code
Additive
mg/kg
304
Ascorbyl palmitate
5000
320
Butylated hydroxyanisole
100
343
Magnesium phosphates
10000
431
Polyoxyethylene (40) stearate
GMP
530
Magnesium oxide
10000
542
Bone phosphate
1000
555
Potassium aluminium silicate
GMP

 




Colourings Permitted in Medicines for Oral Use

 

Additive
No:
Alura Red AC
129
Amaranth
123
Annatto Extracts (Oil and Alkali-extracted)
160b
Annatto Extracts (Solvent-extracted)
 
Anthocyanins Grape Skin Extract
163(ii)
Beet Red
162
Betacarotene
160a(i)
Brilliant Black BN Brilliant Black PN
151
Brilliant Blue FCF
133
Brilliant Scarlet 4R Ponceau 4R
124
Canthaxanthin
161
Class I: Plain Caramel,caustic caramel
150a
Class II: Caustic sulfite
150b
Class III: Ammonia caramel
150c
Class IV: Sulfite ammonia
150d
Carbon black Vegetable carbon
153
Carmoisine Azorubine
122
Carotenes Carotenes (Algae)
 
Carotenes (Vegetable)
160a(ii)
Chlorophylls
140
Chlorophyllins – Copper
 
Complexes Sodium and Potassium Salts
141(ii)
Chlorophyllin -Copper Complex)
 
Chlorophylls – Copper Complexes
141(i)
Chocolate Brown HT Brown
155

What you need to know about a STAR CHILD

STAR CHILDREN are here to change the world. These souls have special or advanced abilities and a strong connection to the univ...

Healing for you with Metatron’s Cube

Metatron’s Cube is an ancient sacred geometry shape that aligns your life so that you have health, wealth, and purpose....

My heart broke as we said goodbye

Who would have thought my adopted dog would heal thousands of people around the world. We are saddened by his loss and share w...